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Jerusalem, Israel

Israel Sights and Museums
in The North

What today’s headlines mean to tourists to Israel.
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Abel Beit Ma'acha

An ancient Tel in Upper Galilee, 2 km. south of Metula. The Biblical Abel Beit Ma'acha - Yoab, King David's military commander, besieged it while chasing after Sheva Ben Bichri (Samuel II, 20, 15). An important town in the Hellenistic and Roman eras.

Achziv

Ancient Canaanite harbor (Joshua 19:29) (Judges 1:31). Tombs from the time of Israelite Monarchy and fortifications have been discovered here. Important position as a base camp for Crusader armies. Was known as Castle Imbert.

Akko (Acre)

Spectacular archaeological discoveries & well-marked sites can be visited within the massive walls of Acre (Akko). Beautiful port and oriental market ("shuk") offering everything from spices to delightful souvenirs, and restaurants.

THE CRUSADES (Akko)

Halls of the Knights: 10 magnificent halls, their rare Crusader atmosphere unchanged from that day to this. Summer: Sun-Thur. 8:30-18:30, Fri. 8:30-14:30, Sat. 9:00-18:00. Winter: Sun-Thur. 8:30-17:00, Fri. 8:30-14:00, Sat. 9:00-17:00. Guided tours in Hebrew, English, German, French, Spanish, and Arabic. Advance booking. Tel: 972.4-9911764.

The Crusader City - Underground: Beneath the city, a world unto itself: The seat of government (the Grand Manier), the Crypt, the Quarter's Tunnel, the "AL Posta". It's the deepest of experiences.

AKKO UNDER THE OTTOMANS

The Turkish Baths: A special pleasure house. Built by El Jazar, about two hundred years ago. Air vents in the dome overhead refract points of light along ornamented octagonal walls. Open during the same hours as the Halls of the Knights.

The Mosque of El Jazar: Built on the ruins of a Church, over the ruins of an earlier Mosque. Colored mosaics arched stained-glass windows, an enchanted garden with deep-welling springs. Tel. 972-4-9913039.

The El Omdan Khan: A place of lodging for travelers, dating from the late 1700s. The tower, added in 1906, provides breathtaking views of the entire city and its environs .

Alma

9 km. north of Safed. Ruins of a synagogue from the 3rd century CE.

Arbel

Northwest of Moshav Arbel in lower Galilee, 4.5 km. North of Tiberias. Ruins of a synagogue of the Talmudic period. Remains of an ancient fortress nearby, built by the zealots during the revolt against the Romans.

Atlit

Chastiau Pelerin (Castrum Peregrinorum) In 1217 the Templars built the castle protect the Christian pilgrims. The most impressive parts are the Donjon, the tower and Templar Church. A Crusader fort.

Ayelet Hashahar Kibbutz

144 guest rooms all with air conditioning, heating, private bath, radio, telephone and satellite color TV. Dining room, Lobby, Bar, Gift shop, parking. Facilities for handicapped. Swimming pool Lectures on kibbutz life. Jeep Safari tour packages of the surrounding area. Banquet and conference facilities for up to 250 people. Located in the most beautiful part of the Galilee. A perfect jumping-off.point for visiting the Sea of Galilee, Tiberias, Safed, major religious sites, the Golan Hights, mount Hermon & other northern points in the country.

Bahai Shrine and New Hanging Gardens

The World Center of the Bahai faith is located in Israel and includes holy places & beautiful gardens in both Acre & Haifa. The Bahai Gardens in Haifa surround the Shrine of the Bab (Mirza All-Muhammad). The Shrine is open daily, 9am to noon and the gardens to 5pm, including Sat.

Baram

Near Kibbutz Bar Am, northeast of Hiram junction. Well-preserved remains of tine synagogue from the 2nd century CE.

Beit Alfa

The first Kibbutz of the "Hashomer Hatzair movement, established 1921 CE and situated in east of Emek Yizreel at foot of Mount Gilboa. It served as a base from which founders of "Homa Umigdal" settlements went out. Remains of a large synagogue of 6th century with colorful mosaic floor.

Beit Hashomer

History of the "daring ones," members of Bar Giora and "Hashomer" who came to Palestine to create a new life based on justice and equality. Open Sun. to Thurs. from 8 am until 3:30 pm and Friday from 8am until noon. Located at Kfar Giladi, in the Upper Galilee. Tel: 06-6941565.

Bet She'an

One of the oldest cities of the Ancient Near East. The remains of some twenty layers of settlement, going back to the 5th millennium B.C.E., have been found at the tel (man-made mound) on the banks of Nahal Harod. The importance of Bet She'an since ancient times is the result of a combination of factors, including its position at a major crossroads, the fertile land surrounding it, and the abundance of water found nearby. Important finds dating to the period of Egyptian rule over Canaan during the 16th to 12th centuries B.C.E. were made in the excavations carried out at the tel during the 1920's and 1930 s. The Philistine rulers of Bet She'an displayed the bodies of Saul and his sons upon its walls after they had been killed in the Battle of Mount Gilboa. King David conquered the city, which later became one of the administrative centers of Solomon's Kingdom. Ongoing archaeological excavations at the tel are uncovering more remains from its Canaanite and Israelite period (Bronze and Iron Age) occupations. During the Hellenistic period, the city was known as Scythopolis (Greek for: City of the Scythians). It was also named Nysa, after the nurse of Dionysos, the god of wine; according to tradition, she was buried here. The city's population during the Roman period consisted of pagans and large communities of Jews and Samaritans. The majority of Bet She'an's population during the Byzantine period was Christian. The city became provincial capital of the province called second Palestine at the. End of the 4th century C.E. Bet She'an's population reached its peak of approximately 30,000-40,000 during the 6th century C.E. The city passed to the hands of the Muslims during the first half of the 7th century C.E. and was destroyed by a severe earthquake in the year 749 C.E. Bet She'an was a small city during the Medieval period. A fortress was built at the site during the Crusader period and it remained a small regional center under Ottoman rule and during the British Mandate. The city has begun to flourish once more since the establishment of the State of Israel. With a population of about 15,000 today, Bet She'an is steadily developing and serves as a regional center for surrounding settlements. The ancient city center, opened to tourists, attracts large numbers of tourists from Israel and abroad.

Beit She'arim

In the west of Lower-Galilee, on the Tivon-Nazareth road. Known in Second Temple period but became famous during Mishnaic and Talmudic times, after the Bar Kochba revolt. The Sanhedrin was there for some time. It was the home and later the burial place of Rabbi Yehuda Hanassi it subsequently became a famous burial place for Jews of Eretz Israel and the Diaspora. 26 burial caves have been excavated. Remains of large synagogues.

Beit Yerach

Near the seashore of Lake Kinneret. 4th - 5th century CE synagogue with remains of Byzantine mosaic floor.

Belvoir (Beauvoir) (see Kochav Hayarden)

Remains of a Talmudic era synagogue. Crusader fortress overlooking the Jordan, Hospitallers' Castle.

Caesarea National Park

The Park extends from the Roman theatre in the south to the Crusader City in the north. It includes the Byzantine Square, the Herodian amphitheater, promontory palace, bathhouse, a network of streets, and more. Many archaeological sites within the national park have been prepared for public visits. In addition, parking lots, toilets and restaurants are available. An annotated aerial view of the site presented in this brochure should assist in making your visit a pleasant one. The park has three entrances: Near the theatre, South of the Crusader city wall, Near the eastern gate of the Crusader city. Within the park one may choose walking routes varying from one hour to a whole day. Other Attractions in the Vicinity: A beach and a diving club at the southern end of the harbor, as well as a public beach near the high aqueduct. Some of Caesarea's archaeological findings are exhibited in the museum of nearby Kibbutz Sedot Yam. Accommodation available in the vicinity varies from B&B at Kibbutz Sedot Yam to five stars Dan-Caesarea Hotel. Safety Precautions and Instructions: The national park has precious antiquities. Excavations at the site are still underway. Please do not enter areas not yet opened to the public. It is forbidden to damage, engrave or mutilate the antiquities or to collect souvenirs at the site. For your convenience, parking lots and toilets have been prepared. Please help us keep them clean.

Cana

Just a few miles outside Nazareth, tucked within a landscape of pomegranate and olive groves, is the village of Cana. According to the Gospels, it was here that the newly baptized Jesus performed his first miracle, turning water into wine at a wedding feast. Two small churches in the village commemorate the miracle.

Capernaum (see Kfar Nahum also)

Hugging the Sea of Galilee is Capernaum, considered Jesus' "headquarters" during his brief ministry. The site was acquired by the Franciscan order in 1894, when work soon revealed the remains of a synagogue, and mosaics from a fifth-century chapel. Just a short ride up the hill is the Church of the Sermon on the Mount, also known as the Mount of the Beatitudes. The walls form a circle of windows that provide an unbroken panorama of the Sea of Galilee.

Chapel of the Primacy of Peter

On the shore of the Sea of Galilee, the chapel is built on the spot where the resurrected Jesus appeared to his disciples and made Peter the head of the Church. This church is located roughly 500 yards from the Multiplication of the Loaves and Fishes church in the same compound of "seven springs". The church is built over the rock where the fire was lit.

Church of the Beatitudes (see Horns of Hittin)

Next to the hillside where Jesus preached His Sermon on the Mount is the Church of the Beatitudes. Built in 1938, it has an octagonal shape to represent the eight blessings of the Beatitudes.

Daliyat El Carmel

Druse Village, home hospitality in the very best Druse tradition; village tour including the Old Quarter of Daliyah, the Druse market, the Hilweh ancient Druse temple, old olive press, and the Laurence Oliphant house built in 1882, where the Israeli national anthem Hatikvah was written.

Dalton

North of Safed. Remains of a synagogue of early medieval period.

Degania Kibbutz

The kibbutz movement originated with the foundation of the first kibbutz in Degania, where the Jordan River flow out of the Sea of Galilee, in 1909. Today there are about 280 kibbutzim in Israel accounting for 3% of Israel's population. Degania was established amidst uncertainty and was shaped by the needs of its members for survival. It became an egalitarian community, whereby decisions were made collectively, yet individually they all bore the responsibility for the outcomes. The present kibbutzim still bear the same hallmarks; they are voluntary, democratic and cooperative communities.

Deir Aziz

Northeast of Ein Gev in South-Golan. Ruins of synagogue of Talmudic period.

Deir Hanna

Arab village that contains small center with Mosque, Church and castle from 18th century built by Daher El-Omar.

Dothan

Situated on an important ancient trade route at the southern end of the Jezreel Valley. There Jacob's sons brought his flock to graze (Genesis 37:17) and Joseph was sold to the passing Ishmaelite Midianites. Excavations have uncovered walls, private houses and tombs from the Canaanite and Israelite periods.

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